Approximately 14,270 women died in 2014 from ovarian cancer. Most new cases of ovarian cancer are at a Stage 3 at the time of diagnosis, at which time the cancer has spread beyond the ovaries to the lymph nodes and outside the pelvis. Ovarian cancer ranks fifth in cancer deaths among women. Estimates for 2015;
21,290 NEW CASES – most in women over the age of 63
Risk factors for ovarian cancer include: family history of breast or ovarian cancer, personal history of cancer, women over the age of 55, women who have never been pregnant, women on hormone replacement therapy. Any women with a first degree relative (mother, daughter, or sister) with ovarian cancer may also have an increased risk. Women with the BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene have an increased risk of developing ovarian cancer.
The symptoms of ovarian cancer may be very subtle and confused with other illnesses. The more common symptoms associated with ovarian cancer are: bloating, pelvic or abdominal pain, difficulty eating or feeling full quickly or urinary urgency or frequency. Other related symptoms include shortness of breath, nausea, indigestion, gas, constipation or diarrhea. Diagnostic testing includes an ultrasound, CT or MRI, and blood level of CA-125. Early diagnosis, early cure!